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Querying the Document in C HackerRank Solution

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Objective

A document is represented as a collection paragraphs, a paragraph is represented as a collection of sentences, a sentence is represented as a collection of words and a word is represented as a collection of lower-case ([a-z]) and upper-case ([A-Z]) English characters.
You will convert a raw text document into its component paragraphs, sentences and words. To test your results, queries will ask you to return a specific paragraph, sentence or word as described below.
Alicia is studying the C programming language at the University of Dunkirk and she represents the words, sentences, paragraphs, and documents using pointers:

  • A word is described by char*
  • A sentence is described by char**. The words in the sentence are separated by one space (” “). The last word does not end with a space(” “).
  • A paragraph is described by char***. The sentences in the paragraph are separated by one period (“.”).
  • A document is described by char****. The paragraphs in the document are separated by one newline(“\n”). The last paragraph does not end with a newline.

For example:

Learning C is fun.
Learning pointers is more fun.It is good to have pointers.
  • The only sentence in the first paragraph could be represented as:
char** first_sentence_in_first_paragraph = {"Learning", "C", "is", "fun"};
  • The first paragraph itself could be represented as:
char*** first_paragraph = {{"Learning", "C", "is", "fun"}};
  • The first sentence in the second paragraph could be represented as:
char** first_sentence_in_second_paragraph = {"Learning", "pointers", "is", "more", "fun"};
  • The second sentence in the second paragraph could be represented as:
char** second_sentence_in_second_paragraph = {"It", "is", "good", "to", "have", "pointers"};
  • The second paragraph could be represented as:
char*** second_paragraph = {{"Learning", "pointers", "is", "more", "fun"}, {"It", "is", "good", "to", "have", "pointers"}};
  • Finally, the document could be represented as:
char**** document = {{{"Learning", "C", "is", "fun"}}, {{"Learning", "pointers", "is", "more", "fun"}, {"It", "is", "good", "to", "have", "pointers"}}};

Alicia has sent a document to her friend Teodora as a string of characters, i.e. represented by char* not char****. Help her convert the document to char**** form by completing the following functions:

  • char**** get_document(char* text) to return the document represented by char****.
  • char**** kth_paragraph(char**** document, int k)to return the kth paragraph.
  • char**** kth_sentence_in_mth_sentence_of_nth_paragraph(char**** document, int k, int m, int n) to return the kth word in the mth sentence of the nth paragraph.

Input Format

  • The first line contains the integer paragraph_count.
  • Each of the next paragraph_count lines contains a paragraph as a single string.
  • The next line contains the integer q, the number of queries.
  • Each of the next q lines or groups of lines contains a query in one of the following formats:

1 The first line contains 1 k:

  • The next line contains an integer x, the number of sentences in the kth paragraph.
  • Each of the next x lines contains an integer a[i], the number of words in the ith sentence.
  • This query corresponds to calling the function kth_paragraph.

2 The first line contains 2 k m:

  • The next line contains an integer x, the number of words in the kth sentence of the mth paragraph.
  • This query corresponds to calling the function 3 k m n:

3 The only line contains

  • This query corresponds to calling the function
  • kth_word_in_mth_senctence_of_nth_paragraph.

Constraints

  • The text which is passed to the get_document has words separated by a space (” “), sentences separated by a period (“.”) and paragraphs separated by a newline(“\n”).
  • The last word in a sentence does not end with a space.
  • The last paragraph does not end with a newline.
  • The words contain only upper-case and lower-case English letters.
  • 1 ≤ number of characters in the entire document ≤ 1000
  • 1 ≤ number of paragraphs in the entire document ≤ 5

Output Format

Print the paragraph, sentence or the word corresponding to the query to check the logic of your code.

Sample Input 0

2
Learning C is fun.
Learning pointers is more fun.It is good to have pointers.
3
1 2
2
5
6
2 1 1
4
3 1 1 1

Sample Output 0

Learning pointers is more fun.It is good to have pointers.
Learning C is fun
Learning

Explanation 0

The first query corresponds to returning the second paragraph with 2 sentences of lengths 5 and 6 words.
The second query correspond to returning the first sentence of the first paragraph. It contains 4 words.
The third query corresponds to returning the first word of the first sentence of the first paragraph.

Hackerrank  C programming Solutions

Querying the Document in C HackerRank Solution

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include<assert.h>
#define MAX_CHARACTERS 1005
#define MAX_PARAGRAPHS 5

char* kth_word_in_mth_sentence_of_nth_paragraph(char**** document, int k, int m, int n) {
     return document[n-1][m-1][k-1];
}

char** kth_sentence_in_mth_paragraph(char**** document, int k, int m) { 
    return document[m-1][k-1];

}

char*** kth_paragraph(char**** document, int k) {
    return document[k-1];

}
char** split_string(char* text, char delim) {
    assert(text != NULL);
    char** result = malloc(1*sizeof(char*));
    int size = 1;
    
    char* temp = strtok(text, &delim);
    *result = temp;
    
    while(temp != NULL) {
        size++;
        result = realloc(result,size*sizeof(char*));
        temp = strtok(NULL, &delim);
        result[size-1] = temp;
    }
    return result;
}


char**** get_document(char* text) {
    assert(text != NULL);
    
    // split text by '\n' and count number of paragraphs
    char** paragraphs = split_string(text, '\n');
    int npar = 0;
    while (paragraphs[npar] != NULL) {
        npar++;
    }
    char**** doc = malloc((npar+1)*sizeof(char***));
    // set last position to NULL for the user
    // to know when the array ends.
    doc[npar] = NULL; 
    
    int i = 0;
    while (paragraphs[i] != NULL) {
        
        // split sentences of paragraph by '.' and count number of sentences

        char** sentences = split_string(paragraphs[i], '.');
        int nsen = 0;
        while(sentences[nsen] != NULL) {
            nsen++;
        }
        
        doc[i] = malloc((nsen+1)*sizeof(char**));
        // set last position to NULL for the user
        // to know when the array ends.
        doc[i][nsen] = NULL; 
        
        int j = 0;
        while (sentences[j] != NULL) {
            
            // remember that doc[0][0] means: paragraph #0,
            // sentence #0 and should act like a pointer to
            // the first element of an array of words (strings)
            
            // split string by ' ' and associate doc[i][j]
            // with the array of strings representing words
            // that is returned by split_string.
            doc[i][j] = split_string(sentences[j], ' ');
            j++;
        }
        i++;
    }  
    return doc;
}

char* get_input_text() {    
    int paragraph_count;
    scanf("%d", &paragraph_count);

    char p[MAX_PARAGRAPHS][MAX_CHARACTERS], doc[MAX_CHARACTERS];
    memset(doc, 0, sizeof(doc));
    getchar();
    for (int i = 0; i < paragraph_count; i++) {
        scanf("%[^\n]%*c", p[i]);
        strcat(doc, p[i]);
        if (i != paragraph_count - 1)
            strcat(doc, "\n");
    }

    char* returnDoc = (char*)malloc((strlen (doc)+1) * (sizeof(char)));
    strcpy(returnDoc, doc);
    return returnDoc;
}

void print_word(char* word) {
    printf("%s", word);
}

void print_sentence(char** sentence) {
    int word_count;
    scanf("%d", &word_count);
    for(int i = 0; i < word_count; i++){
        printf("%s", sentence[i]);
        if( i != word_count - 1)
            printf(" ");
    }
} 

void print_paragraph(char*** paragraph) {
    int sentence_count;
    scanf("%d", &sentence_count);
    for (int i = 0; i < sentence_count; i++) {
        print_sentence(*(paragraph + i));
        printf(".");
    }
}

int main() 
{
    char* text = get_input_text();
    char**** document = get_document(text);

    int q;
    scanf("%d", &q);

    while (q--) {
        int type;
        scanf("%d", &type);

        if (type == 3){
            int k, m, n;
            scanf("%d %d %d", &k, &m, &n);
            char* word = kth_word_in_mth_sentence_of_nth_paragraph(document, k, m, n);
            print_word(word);
        }

        else if (type == 2){
            int k, m;
            scanf("%d %d", &k, &m);
            char** sentence = kth_sentence_in_mth_paragraph(document, k, m);
            print_sentence(sentence);
        }

        else{
            int k;
            scanf("%d", &k);
            char*** paragraph = kth_paragraph(document, k);
            print_paragraph(paragraph);
        }
        printf("\n");
    }     
}

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