# Weather Observation Station 5 Solution

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Also visit:  Weather Observation Station 4 Solution

#### Problem

Query the two cities in STATION with the shortest and longest CITY names, as well as their respective lengths (i.e.: number of characters in the name). If there is more than one smallest or largest city, choose the one that comes first when ordered alphabetically.
The STATION table is described as follows:

STATION

where LAT_N is the northern latitude and LONG_W is the western longitude.

Sample Input

For example, CITY has four entries: DEF, ABC, PQRS and WXY.

Sample Output

```ABC 3
PQRS 4
```

#### Explanation

When ordered alphabetically, the CITY names are listed as ABC, DEF, PQRS, and WXY, with lengths 3, 3, 4 and 3. The longest name is PQRS, but there are 3 options for shortest named city. Choose ABC, because it comes first alphabetically.

Note:

You can write two separate queries to get the desired output. It need not be a single query.

## Solution – Weather Observation Station 5

##### MySQL Code
```select city c, length(city) l from station
order by l desc, c asc limit 1;

select city c, length(city) l from station
order by l asc, c asc limit 1;```

#### Weather observations

Basic weather observation instruments include thermometers, rain gauges, barometers, and anemometers (wind speed meters).

#### What are the four types of weather observations?

There are four types of weather observations: surface, upper air, radar, and satellite.

#### What is weather observation stations?

A weather station is a facility, either on land or sea, with instruments and equipment for measuring atmospheric conditions to provide information for weather forecasts and to study the weather and climate.

#### Who observes weather?

A meteorologist is a physical scientist who observes, studies, or forecasts the weather.

#### How do you observe weather?

This is done by examining a large quantity of observation data including surface observations, satellite imagery, radar data, radiosonde data, upper-air data, wind profilers, aircraft observations, river gauges, and simply looking outside.

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